A crane is a type of machine used for lifting, generally equipped with a hoist (device) , wire ropes or chains, that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. It uses one or more simple machines like a hoist to create mechanical advantage and thus move loads beyond the normal capability of a human. Cranes are commonly employed in the transport industry for the loading and unloading of freight, in the construction industry for the movement of materials and in the manufacturing industry for the assembling of heavy equipment.
A forklift (also called a lift truck, a stacker-truck, trailer loader, side loader, fork truck or a fork hoist) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and transport materials. The forklift has become an indispensable piece of equipment in manufacturing and warehousing operations.
A telescopic handler, or telehandler, is a machine widely used in agriculture and industry. It is similar in appearance and function to a forklift but is more a crane than forklift, with the increased versatility of a single telescopic boom that can extend forwards and upwards from the vehicle. On the end of the boom the operator can fit one of several attachments, such as a bucket, pallet forks, muck grab, or lift table.